Iran president Hassan Rouhani: What is his government’s legacy?

Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Iran’s president Hassan Rouhani

Hassan Rouhani, who was re-elected to a second term as president in May, will be sworn in on Monday.

What has Rouhani achieved since taking office in 2013?

The supreme leader under the Islamic republic’s Islamic sharia law does not allow the president to run for another term.

So Mr Rouhani will be inaugurated as President on Monday after his win in last month’s election.

At the time, he promised the end of a decade of hardline rule, a fresh start for the country’s economy, and to facilitate dialogue with the West.

What is the economy like now?

The official data is not readily available, but it is widely reported that Iran’s growth has slowed under Mr Rouhani.

Foreign investment in the country has also decreased because of sanctions imposed on the country over its nuclear programme, which were lifted in January last year.

Who is Hassan Rouhani?

Hassan Rouhani was born in Tehran in 1968 and studied law at University.

He was first elected to parliament in 1997 and was Speaker from 2006 until 2012.

After he was elected President in 2013, he became more involved in politics. He founded the Iran’s Union of Journalists.

Who is Mr Rouhani’s opponent?

The main challenger was Ebrahim Raisi, the Iranian cleric who advised President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in the past.

The two have traded blows over the past few weeks, which have included accusations over religious and political figures accused of corruption.

Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Former high ranking judge Ebrahim Raisi

Mr Raisi was elected to the clerical supervisory body last month and was the only candidate nominated for the constitutional court.

Another other candidate, Mostafa Mirsalim, withdrew from the race.

What other accomplishments have Rouhani gained?

In a Twitter post, Mr Rouhani wrote: “Rouhaniomics : a systematic effort to re-engineer Iran’s economy to make it more efficient, cleaner and inclusive, and prepare Iran for the post nuclear era.”

Image copyright AFP Image caption Mr Rouhani says Iran has won the economic race against rival powers like Saudi Arabia

On the table is a multi-billion dollar deal with China to develop a natural gas pipeline from Central Asia into western Iran. It is planned to be one of the world’s largest, with capacity of nearly 60 billion cubic metres of gas a year.

The deal is one of the first under the Rouhani presidency, and is a significant boost to his attempts to improve relations with China.

In July, Rouhani signed a new deal with the United Arab Emirates to develop a second Iranian oil field, marking an important advance for Iran’s energy industry.

Image copyright AFP Image caption President Rouhani’s televised address in July

The move is a significant return to oil-industry investments in Iran. Most foreign investment left in the wake of international sanctions imposed in 2012 over Iran’s nuclear programme.

What is the link between Iran and Saudi Arabia?

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman called Mr Rouhani’s election a victory over the US President Donald Trump in May.

In an interview with a French newspaper, Mr Bin Salman said Iran’s new government would be a “decent, friendly neighbour.”

He said Riyadh was willing to “engage” with Iran and the Gulf states and play a “positive role” in calming the situation in the Middle East.

But Saudi Arabia has also distanced itself from the Trump administration, with Mr Bin Salman calling for Iran to be isolated diplomatically and economically.

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