Why more Mexicans are trying to reach the US

Analysis

By Emmet Otte, Caritas Mexico

The number of people trying to reach the US has dropped, but the number of people trying to leave Mexico and cross the border is increasing.

Spreading fear of insecurity and underdevelopment is one reason behind this phenomenon. However, others argue that violence in Mexico, including the Gulf cartel, have also attracted people fleeing oppression.

First, consider Mexico’s border regions. Almost 1.4 million refugees and migrants have travelled to the US from Mexico in recent years.

Most of these individuals come from Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador. Ten out of 12 states with a high population of migrants are in Mexico’s southern border region – many of them in southern states like Oaxaca, Chiapas and Chiapas (where violence is high) or in more rural and southern states such as Michoacan, Jalisco and Guanajuato.

These states are riddled with migrant camps. While recent media stories have focused on Yucatan and Oaxaca, the daily violence and mass violence of these states and the high migration rates contribute to the massive presence of refugees and migrants from this region to the US.

When people are fleeing high levels of violence, or are displaced within their own countries due to armed conflict, climate change or natural disasters, they are open to migrating to some countries.

Although it may be illegal to cross the international border into the US, there are other options available, such as seasonal work, receiving public benefits such as benefits and low-wage work, or by returning to their country of origin after a period of time.

This calculation, of course, is not without uncertainty. The US asylum policies still exist, and they have historically subjected people fleeing persecution in their home countries to visa denial, deportations and other punishment.

Awareness of this policy has meant that refugees and migrants have acquired the tools they need to survive here, through legal tools such as asylum claiming, and through understanding that often a conditional approach is the best option.

But increasingly, the trend of increasing and worsening violence in Mexico and the unresolved policies of the US, which both inspire and encourage people to leave their country, have led to a large increase in arrivals from these three Central American countries. The exit symptoms – including poverty, insecurity, as well as the desire to migrate and enter the US – are no longer secondary to the flow of arrivals.

Leave a Comment